Nepal is a landlocked country in South Asia with a population of 26.4 million people which officially the FEDERAL DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF NEPAL. Nepal official language is Nepali but it is a multiethnic nation where many languages are spoken. Kathmandu is the largest city of Nepal and a capital city as well.
Nepal is bordered by china to the north and India to the south,east and west where India and Nepal shares the open boarder. Nepal is located in the Himalayas and is home to eight of the worlds ten tallest mountains including Mount Everest ( sagarmatha) the higest point on Earth. Its southern Madhesh region is fertile and Humid which is also known as the terai. Nepal is divided into three parts mountain , hills and terai. The country has an area of 147,181 square kilometres (56,827 sq m), making it the world’s 93rd largest country by area and also the 41st most populated country in the world.
Nepal has a diverse ancient cultural heritage, the name NEPAL is first recorded in the texts from the Vedic Age, the era that founded Hinduism, the country’s predominant religion. Nepal was the world’s last Hindu monarchy. Siddhartha Gautam, the founder of Buddhism, was born in Lumbini in southern Nepal. The main minorities are Tibetan Buddhists, Muslims, Kirantans and Christians. The Nepalese are also known as Gurkha. They have been reputed for their valour in world war I and World war II.
Established in the 18th century, the early modern Kingdom of Nepal was led by the Shah dynasty, after Prithivi Narayan Shah unified many principalities in the region. Nepal is one of the few Asian countries which was never colonized. Following the Anglo-Nepalese War and the Treaty of Sugauli in 1816, Nepal became an ally of the British Empire A multiparty democracy evolved from 1951 to 1960, when King Mahendra enacted the panchayat system. In 1990, parliamentary government was restored by King Birendra. Nepal faced a decade-long Communist Moaist insurgency and mass protests against the authoritarian King Gyanendra in 2005, which led to the abolition of the monarchy in 2008. Today, the main political blocs in Nepal are communists, social democrats and Hindu nationalists.
Nepal depends on the agriculture , trade and tourism economically among which Tourism is the largest industry in Nepal and its largest source of foreign exchange and revenue. Possessing eight of the ten highest mountains in the world, Nepal is a hotspot destination for mountaineers, rock climbers and people seeking adventure. The Hindu and Buddhist heritage of Nepal and its cool weather are also strong attractions.
Mount Everest, the highest mountain peak in the world, is located in Nepal. Mountaineering and other types of adventure tourism and ecotourism are important attractions for visitors. The world heritage site Lumbini, birthplace of Gautama Buddha, is located in the south of the West region of Nepal and there are other important religious pilgrimage sites throughout the country. The tourist industry is seen as a way to alleviate poverty and achieve greater social equity in the country.
accourding to statistics of 2012, there was a slow growth rate of 9.8%. According to statistics from Nepal Tourism Board(NTB), a total of 598,204 foreign tourists entered the country via aerial route in 2012. The government of Nepal declared 2011 to be Nepal tourism year, and hoped to attract one million foreign tourists to the country during that year.The government of Nepal has also declared lumbini Tourism yera 2012 to promote Lumbini.
Tourism in Nepal was badly affected, at least temporarily by the serious earthquakes in 2015, and its getting better from 2016.